In 2016, Patna, Bihar’s capital, was classified as the sixth most polluted city in the world according to the World Health Organisation. The chief causes of the rampant deterioration of the air quality in the city are population growth, traditional cooking practices, power plants, dirty brick-making practices, industries, solid waste burning, increased vehicle use and construction activities in Patna.

Bihar has witnessed a double digit growth in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rate in last five years. However, this growth has come with a heavy price. The city’s environment has suffered majorly in terms of its air quality, making Patna one of the most polluted cities in the country and across the globe. CEED has carried out persistent campaigns and public events to engage with the media and the masses on the issue of air pollution.

Care For Air:
Our Care For Air campaign aims at spreading awareness about air pollution in the city and working with the Government to take urgent measures to curb the problem based on our research findings and analysis. Our ‘Ambient Air Quality for Patna’ report released in June 2016 revealed the increasing levels of pollution in the city through data captured by 45 monitoring devices installed across the city. The report also highlights measures the government must adopt to solve the air pollution crisis including an efficient transport system, reducing industrial emissions and a ban on open burning of waste.

The campaign involved rickshaw drivers and school children spreading awareness about the lethal levels of air pollution in the city and what individuals can do at their level to reduce it. Our objective is towards a systematic clean air action plan for Patna with well defined targets and timeline that frame a comprehensive public health policy. 

Clean Cooking campaign:
An estimated 1.38 lakh households in Patna currently rely on solid fuels and traditional cook stoves for domestic cooking. Due to a higher level of exposure to burning of solid fuels, women have an alarming percentage of health complications (72%) as compared to the health problems reported by men (28%). The major health issues reported are eye irritation, visual impairment, watery eyes, muscular fatigue and respiratory problems.

Our Clean Cooking Campaign was an initiative to shift towards cleaner cooking practices with the promotion of improved stoves as an approach for lowering the solid fuel implications. In order to curb the use of diesel generators, we are also running a delink diesel campaign that entails to encourage the government and the citizens to commit to solar energy. We are also working with brick kiln owners to adopt modern technologies for producing bricks that reduces the emissions of the particulate matters from the chimneys.